It wasn’t a surprise to Danny Herrington that Ford’s chief executive would be waiting on him Friday morning when he went to buy a new pickup truck. But it was flattering nonetheless. “I’m feeling pretty special right now,” Herrington said in a telephone interview after buying an F-350 Super Duty pickup truck at Galpin Ford in Los Angeles from new Ford CEO Alan Mulally and longtime General Sales Manager Terry Miller. Herrington, of Lancaster, who has purchased 15 or so vehicles from Galpin over the years, said he was warned in advance that Mulally might be there to deliver on a promise made at a dealer convention to spend a day on the sales floor. Mulally, dressed in a suit and tie, asked multiple questions as Herrington haggled over the final numbers with Miller. Much of the sale already had been worked out, but a couple of small items, Herrington said, went his way because of Mulally. The CEO and Miller wouldn’t give him enough money to trade in his 2000 F-250, he said. “He was very interested in the process. I was actually real surprised that he showed the interest in all of it that he did. He really wants to be a part of it,” Herrington said while waiting for his truck Friday afternoon.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Still Herrington, a general contractor, was able to get the payment to his target of $600 per month for six years. “There were a couple of things that were in question as to be part of the deal,” said Herrington, 46. “I think because of him it went my way.” At the National Automobile Dealers Association annual convention in Las Vegas last month, a dealer on the floor asked Mulally to spend a day selling cars on a showroom floor. Mulally accepted and made good on his promise at Galpin, the world’s top-selling Ford dealership. Mulally would not allow reporters into the dealership Friday, but Ford agreed to make customers available for interviews after Mulally joined in waiting on them. Herrington said he would have bought the truck Friday without Mulally’s presence, but having the CEO wait on him made the experience special.
CLUB LOTTOThere was no jackpot winner in last weeks lotto the numbers drawn were 2-5-7-6-3-1-4. There where five €20 winners who was as follows:Mick Mulcahy, Clar. Ellie & Jack McAllister, Aught.Jenny McColgan, Whitecastle.John Doherty, WALLSJames Curran, Cruckglass. The Club would like to take the opportunity to thank everyone for their continued support of the Lotto as it gives the club the essential means of continuing to give our local kids and adults the chance to avail of a great and healthy pastime. If any kids would like to start selling lottos each week feel free to contact their coach for more information.Next Weeks Jackpot €700UNDERAGEOur under 8s continue every Sunday at the Community Centre from 1.15pm to 2.15pm. The Under 10s also are on every Sunday in the community centre from 12.15pm to 1.15pm. for more info on these age groups contact Daniel on 0862072745 or Brendan on 0879946703.Under 12 boys training is on every Sunday in ture pitch at 12.45pm to 2pm. Children can b left down after mass as coaches will be there from 12.15pm , €2 for training, all new faces welcome.Under 14 training is on every Sunday evening at 6pm to 7.30pm and Thursday evenings from 6pm to 7.30pm.The minors and U-16s resume training on Monday the 4th of January in ture. For anyone interested in playing this year they can contact Daniel on 0862072745 or Billy on 0879294352. STRICTLY COME DANCINGDo you like to watch tango, jive or waltzing then come and support our latest fundraising effort The CLG Naomh Padraig GAA Strictly Come Dancing. The big event will take place on EASTER SUNDAY 27th March 2016 in The Plaza Ballroom Buncrana. Tickets are on sale from and committee member on the dancers themselves.MEMBERSHIPClub registration is being taken tomorrow night &. Every Monday night from 8:30-10pm at the club house,Prices are as follows:Youth (U-18) – €10 Student – €15Adult – €30Family – €50Club Membership + 1yrs Subscription to our weekly Lotto:Family Subscription + 1 Line for 52 weeks @ €120A saving of €34 over the year.Family Subscription + 3 lines for 52 weeks @ €200A saving of €110 over the year.Pick your 7 numbers and submit with your membership formand appropriate fee.Payment by instalments is available. For more information please contact:Club Secretary Ciaran on 0862027534 or Club Registrar Dermot on 0879978968.CLUB GEARThere is a limited stock of some club gear and Club Donegal gear available in the clubhouse,Please contact Dermot on 0879978968 for availability.As always keep up to date with club activities through Facebook,Twitter,Club APP and through are website on www.naomhpadraig.comMUFF GAA CLUB TO HOST STRICTLY COME DANCING FUNDRAISER ON EASTER SUNDAY was last modified: February 22nd, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:GAAmuffSport
Man United transfer news live: Haaland ‘wants a change’, two players off in January Latest Premier League News gameday cracker And the PFA on Wednesday announced a “full and open review” will be held, led by an independent QC.The idea of an independent review was first raised by PFA chairman Ben Purkiss, with more than 200 current and former players joining the call.And the PFA has relented, issuing a statement on Wednesday, which read: “The PFA, as the world’s oldest professional sport union, has only been a success by listening to our members and continually evolving to meet their needs.“We owe it to our members and to football to hold ourselves to the highest possible standards. We believe we do. However, criticism must not be swept under the carpet.“We will therefore be recommending to the board of trustees and management committee that an independent QC conducts a full and open review into the structure and operation of the PFA as the trade union for professional footballers in England and Wales.”An independent review also has the support of the Dawn Astle, the daughter of former West Brom and England star Jeff Astle, who died in 2002 of a degenerative brain disease. The Professional Footballers’ Association has recommended a “full and open” independent review is held into the organisation, the union has announced.PFA chief executive Gordon Taylor, who has been in his role for 37 years, has come under increasing scrutiny in recent days, with players calling either for a review into the organisation or for his resignation. Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? no dice She has repeatedly clashed with Taylor over the union’s response to the growing evidence which suggests that disease is linked to heading the ball.Last year, the PFA finally agreed to commit £100,000 for research into the matter, but this was less than five per cent of Taylor’s 2017 pay of £2.2million and less than one per cent of its annual income of nearly £28million.Those huge discrepancies are just two of the issues Purkiss has raised since becoming PFA chairman last November.In announcing the review, which must be rubber stamped by its trustees and management committee, the PFA defended its record.The statement said: “Over the last few days, we have heard the criticisms levelled at the leadership of the PFA.“While we would always defend our record in supporting professional footballers – including on mental health, diversity and player welfare – we accept there are areas we can improve.” huge blow Green reveals how he confronted Sarri after Chelsea’s 6-0 defeat at Man City whoops REVEALED shining Did Mahrez just accidentally reveal Fernandinho is leaving Man City this summer? REAL DEAL Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars 1 Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card deals tense Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT Real Madrid ‘offer’ Isco to Chelsea in bid to ‘make room’ for Tottenham star Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won REVEALED Gordon Taylor has been heavily criticised of late
DES MOINES, Iowa – The 36th-ranked Drake University men’s tennis team once again has a busy weekend ahead of them as the Bulldogs host No. 33 Iowa on Friday at 6 p.m., Michigan State on Saturday at 6 p.m. and No. 65 Cornell University on Sunday at 11 a.m.The Bulldogs are coming off a stellar weekend with wins over then-ranked No. 39 Purdue and No. 40 Denver. After the excellent weekend, senior Ben Lott was named Missouri Valley Conference men’s tennis Player of the Week for his 3-1 record for the week. Lott and Ben Wood recorded one of the best doubles wins of the season, as they beat 20th-ranked Henry Craig and Alex Gasson from Denver 6-3, last Saturday.Sophomore Calum MacGeoch is leading the team with eight dual match wins, followed by freshmen Vinny Gillespie and Tom Hands with seven apiece.The 33rd-ranked Hawkeyes come to Des Moines with a 7-2 record and are coming off a 4-2 victory over then-ranked No. 40 Denver. Jake Jacoby leads Iowa with eight dual match singles wins and holds a 5-3 doubles record at the No. 1 spot with Lefteris Theodorou.Michigan State is still searching for its first win against a ranked opponent this season, but the Spartans have seen great success against non-ranked teams with a 10-0 record. The Spartans are led by Michael Dube and Alexander Kim with 11 dual match wins apiece.Cornell is the third Ivy League school the Bulldogs will face. The Big Red will play Indiana and Nebraska before heading to Des Moines on Sunday. Heading into the weekend, Cornell is on a two-match losing streak, falling to Penn State and Princeton.Following this weekend’s matches, the Bulldogs host Brown on Friday, March 11 and Wisconsin on Sunday, March 13. Print Friendly Version
Kateregga joined Cape Town City from KCCA FC (Agency Photo)Uganda Cranes midfielder Allan Kateregga will spend the rest of the season at Maritzburg United.This was confirmed by the Pietermaritzburg based side through a post on their social media.“The club (Maritzburg Unied) can confirm the signing of Allan Katerrega from Cape Town City on a loan deal until the end of the season, read the post.“Welcome to the Team of Choice, Allan.Kateregga joins Maritzburg from Cape Town City whom he crossed over to, as a free agent after the expiry of his brief stint at Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) Football Club.His tenure at Cape Town City only restricted him to 13 games since 2018 (11 in the PSL, with one apiece in the Telkom and Nedbank tournaments).He had a shady start at Cape Town City following a hip injury from which he recovered swiftly.The former Sports Club Victoria University and AFC Leopards exciting player will be assessed until the end of the season.The move to Maritzburg United is no question a breather to as much playing time at a time the 2019 AFCON finals come knocking in Egypt, in June and July.Maritzburg United visit Bidvest Wits on Friday, 1st February 2019 before hosting Polokwane on 8th February at their Harry Gwala Stadium in Pietermaritzburg city.Comments Tags: Allan katereggaCape Town CityKCCA FCMaritzburg United
Mulroy Coast Guard and Rescue 118 responded to an incident near Fanad Arch this evening.At quarter past four they were alerted that a young man fell from a small cliff around eight feet high.The young man complained of a sore back and may have a possible head injury, but fortunately it is believed that he will be okay. He did not fall into the sea.The spot where the fall occurred was highly inaccessible for the ambulance crew, so Rescue 118 was called in to assist the young man.He has been taken to Letterkenny University Hospital.It is believed that he was taking an alternative route to The Great Pollet Sea Arch; not the route that local activists campaigned to have access to. Breaking News: Young man rescued after fall off cliff was last modified: July 31st, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:coast guardfanad archRESCUE 118
Graeme Pollock was voted South Africa’s Cricketer of the Century in 2000, and no one who saw him play would dispute the honour.Graeme Pollock retired from the first-class game in the 1986/87 season at the age of 43. His career had begun 26 years earlier. (Image: CricBuzz)Brand South Africa ReporterGraeme Pollock was voted South Africa’s Cricketer of the Century in 2000, and no one who saw him play would dispute the honour. A left-handed batsman who struck the ball with the sweetest timing and made the game look easy, Pollock is the most successful left-hander in test history, with an average second only to the legendary Sir Donald Bradman.Pollock was just 19 years old when he made his test debut, facing Australia in Brisbane. He made 25 runs. In the next test he made only 16 and two, but in the third match of the series he made an early mark on the game.Playing in Sydney, Pollock made 122 in South Africa’s first innings, a knock of such quality that Sir Donald Bradman suggested: “Next time you decide to play like that, send me a telegram.” Pollock made a further 42 runs in the second innings.SA third-wicket recordIn Adelaide, he and Eddie Barlow shared a South African third-wicket record partnership of 341, with Pollock hitting 175 and Barlow 201. South Africa won the test by 10 wickets to even the series.In the final test at the Sydney Cricket Ground, Pollock made 17. Not yet out of his teens, he had finished the series with 399 runs to his name at an average of 57. That was but a sign of things to come.Pollock missed two of three four-day tests against New Zealand immediately after the Australian tour, but returned for the third test to score 30 and 23.Next up for the young star was a five-test series against England in South Africa, and he started slowly with scores of five, nought and 12 before he finally found some form to make 55. From that point on, things improved markedly as Pollock scored three fifties and a century in his next six innings. Again he finished with a series average of just over 57.SA in EnglandThe Springboks next headed for England for a three-test series, hoping to avenge the one-nil series loss they had suffered at home. The first test was drawn as Pollock scored 56 and five, but the next game belonged to the Pollock brothers.Graeme scored 125 out of the 269 that South Africa totalled in their first innings. Such was the quality of his contribution that famed cricket writer EW Swanton wrote:“An innings was played here today by Graeme Pollock which in point of style and power, of ease and beauty of execution, is fit to rank with anything in the annals of the game.” Such was the left-hander’s dominance that when he was dismissed the total stood on just 162!England managed 240 in reply to South Africa’s effort as the older Pollock, Peter, captured 5 for 53. Graeme then tallied 59 in the Springboks’ second innings of 289, leaving the English requiring 319 for victory.They didn’t come close as Peter Pollock once again ripped through their ranks, claiming 5 for 34 to finish with match figures of 10 for 87, as South Africa took the win that would seal a series triumph. Graeme also contributed to the bowling effort, sending down five overs of leg spin, conceding only four runs and removing England captain MJK Smith for 24.In the drawn third test Graeme Pollock scored 12 and 32, falling to a run out in his second innings. The cricketer’s Bible, Wisden, voted him one of their five Cricketers of the Year in 1966.Substantial contributionThe South Africans next faced Australia in 1966/67 in a five-match test series at home. Pollock’s contribution was once again substantial. In the first test, which South Africa won by 233 runs, he failed in the first innings, making only five, but his second visit to the crease netted him 90 runs.The Australians levelled the series in the second test despite a magnificent performance from Pollock. He made 209 out of a South African total of 353, but trailing by 189 runs on the first innings proved too big a deficit to overcome and the tourists won by six wickets, Pollock making only four in his second knock.Playing in Durban, the Springboks took a two-one series lead thanks to an eight-wicket victory in which the star left-hander contributed two and an undefeated 67. Rain saved the Australians from defeat in the fourth test during which Pollock made 22, but in the fifth test at his home ground of St George’s Park he helped South Africa to a three-one series triumph with innings of 105 and 33 not out. His average for the series was 76.71.Australia crushedSadly, Pollock was to play only one more test series before a ban on South Africa ended his international career, but in that series he played for a team that many regard as the best South African team of all time. They crushed Australia four-nil with the margin of victory increasing from test to test.This was not a bad Australian side. They had, in fact, just beaten India in India, taking the five-match series three-one. The previous season they had beaten a West Indies team that included Gary Sobers, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd, Charlie Griffith, Wes Hall and Lance Gibbs three-one in a five-test series. However, they were no match for the Springboks.South Africa won the first test, played in Cape Town, by 170 runs. Pollock made 49 and 50. In the second test in Durban, he and Barry Richards absolutely slaughtered the Australian bowling attack as South Africa totalled 622 for 9 declared in their first innings. Pollock’s contribution was a then South African record of 274, while Richards made 140. Australia had no answers to the challenge and went down by an innings and 129 runs.Pollock scored 52 and 87 in the third test as South Africa cruised to a 307-run win. In the fourth test, a 323-run victory, he managed only one and four at his home ground in Port Elizabeth. Without the failures of his final test, his average would have been 64.26; as it was it finished at 60.97.Premature endConsidering that Pollock was just 26 years of age when his test career was brought to a premature end, it is reasonable to suggest that he would have improved his average. What he could have achieved is a matter of speculation, but there must have been many bowlers that sighed with relief that they did not have to test themselves against the great left-hander.Pollock retired from the first-class game in the 1986/87 season at the age of 43. His career had begun 26 years earlier. He made 20 940 runs, including 64 centuries and 99 fifties – his conversion rate from fifties to hundreds an indication of his genius. He averaged 54.67.Limited overs matches were introduced some time after his career began, and he played only 112 innings in the shorter form of the game. Nonetheless, he tallied 4 656 runs at an average of over 50.So much more than the statisticsThe statistics are impressive, but Pollock was so much more than the statistics indicate. He dominated bowlers, stroking the ball with such power that cover fielders would often only turn around once a cracking drive that had sped past them was five metres from the boundary.He made the game look simple and stunning at the same time. He was comfortable against any type of bowling and could bat on any surface. He was arguably the greatest left-handed batsman the world has yet seen.In February 2009, the genius of Pollock was recognised when he was inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame as one of the first 55 players to be honoured.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
9 December 2013National Planning Minister Trevor Manuel has urged the City of Cape Town to name the balcony at City Hall after Nelson Mandela as it is “hallowed ground”.Manuel reminded the hundreds of Capetonians gathered in front of City Hall on Sunday for an interfaith service to remember Mandela that it was from this balcony that Nelson Mandela addressed the world for the first time after his release from prison on 11 February 1990. It was also here that he spoke before his inauguration as president of the country.Although the mood was sombre, the gathered crowd applauded when Manuel said: “When Madiba was released and [former state president] FW de Klerk offered to fly him to Joburg so that he could have his first rally in Joburg, he said: ‘No I am part of the people of Cape Town, I have been here for 27 years. This is my home and the first place that I can report and must report is to the people of Cape Town.’”Manuel, who served under Mandela as Finance Minister, spoke at the service that was part of South Africa’s national week of mourning for the former president. Flags were flying at half mast.Former Springbok wing Chester Williams, who was part of the team that won the 1995 Rugby World Cup, bid Mandela an emotional farewell: “We need to lift this legacy he left. We need more leaders like him,” said Williams. “To the world he was Nelson Mandela, to me he was the world.”CondolencesMeanwhile, South Africans and visitors are continuing to pay homage to former president Nelson Mandela at Cape Town’s Grand Parade. Bunches of flowers, colourful wreaths, letters and placards containing words of condolences filled up a fence set up in front of the City Hall.“Dear Mandela, We are bornfrees [a term used to describe those born after the end of apartheid] thanks to you. We love you,” one of the notices read.Another one signed by “an Angolan living in the city” reads: “Tata [literally, “father”] is gone, but we will never forget about you, a giant of the liberation … epitome of reconciliation.”The city has also opened books of condolence and has set up computer terminals in front of City Hall to allow visitors to leave online dedications on a wall of condolence created on city’s website. See www.capetown.gov.za/nelsonmandela.“Thank you for the legacy that you have left. We will live on with your message of peace and forgiveness,” wrote Tatum Hendricks in one of the books of condolence.‘He changed my life completely’Those that SAnews spoke to at the Grand Parade were emotional about the former president’s passing. Daniel Stemmet from Hermanus said Mandela had changed his life. “I’m a gay person, and because of him I was allowed to get married and I was allowed to adopt a child, so he’s changed my life completely.”Capetonian Gwen Godlo said she was still trying to come to terms with Mandela’s death: “I felt so sad, because he was everything to us, an inspiration”.Desmond Fillis, who is visiting from Port Elizabeth, said, “He’s changed South Africa for all of us, it doesn’t matter what your colour is. He did it with so much sacrifice to him and his family, so there’s no way that people – especially South Africans – can not honour this man and his lifetime.”Masixole Velem, from King Williams Town who is studying in Cape Town, said, “I’m actually here to afford him the chance to rest in peace. He’s done a lot for South Africa in contributing to South Africa, all colours, the rainbow nation, together for a common purpose.”Cape Town Mayor Patricia de Lille on Sunday announced a series of events to take place in the city to honour Mandela. These include a commemorative event at the Cape Town Stadium on Wednesday.Details on the programme of commemorative events planned by the City of Cape Town are available at www.capetown.gov.zaSAinfo reporter and SAnews.gov
Details for Cyber Monday – traditionally the online retailer’s biggest day during the holiday season – will be available shortly. Tags:#Amazon#Features#NYT#web Related Posts Finally, who got the most downstream traffic from Black Friday websites? That would be our friends at Walmart, Best Buy, and Target – the latter of which more than doubled its downstream traffic from last year: jolie odell Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market As we reported Thanksgiving Day, web searches and traffic for online retailers during the holidays were significantly down as compared to previous years, according to research from Experian Hitwise.However, this Black Friday showed a 4 percent increase in site visits versus Thanksgiving Day traffic – a stat that usually falls between those two days. The retail site that got the lion’s share of traffic this year was Amazon.com, which netted 13.55 percent of the traffic seen by the top 500 retail websites. Read on for a few surprising stats that might signal changes in the U.S. economy – and changes in how U.S. consumers will be doing their holiday shopping.Interestingly, Apple’s website saw the largest increase – by a huge margin – between Thanksgiving Day and Black Friday. Overnight, their traffic skyrocketed 110 percent. Traditionally, Apple’s online deals for this red-letter day in commerce were modest at best. However, this year, rumors of substantial discounts were leaked online and spread like wildfire.The lesson: If you want to see a ridiculous upswing in traffic on a major American retail date, maintain relative stinginess and secrecy, then “leak” good tidings of great joy just before the big day.Other sites that saw a significant traffic increase in this 48-hour period include Staples (47 percent), Dell (40 percent) and Amazon (9 percent).So, Apple, Staples and Dell take the cake for getting the greatest traffic spikes overnight; how did websites fare on Black Friday overall?As you can see in the graph below, Amazon and Walmart each performed admirably. What’s more, most sites saw a marginal increase in traffic over last year’s Black Friday traffic – as you’ll recall, the global economy had recently tanked. Do we see this as a sign of tentative optimism about the economy, at least on the part of American consumers? Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…
Editor’s Note: This is part of a series of posts describing the construction of a net-zero energy house in Rochester, Minnesota, by Tracee Vetting Wolf, Matt Vetting, and their son Max. You can find their complete blog here. A list of their previous posts appears at the bottom of this column. Before starting our net-zero house, we rented a 2,165-square-foot house built in the late ’90’s. The house has two levels, four bedrooms, and two bathrooms. The lower level of the house is one-half to three-quarters below ground, with the master bedroom and the kitchen on the upper level. A portion of the house, above the dining and living areas, has a 15-foot vaulted ceiling and no attic space, while the other half has lower ceilings and an insulated attic. Based on the thickness of the window wells, the walls appear to be constructed of 2×6 lumber, and we assume the bays are filled with fiberglass batts. The windows are a mix of fixed, sliding, and casement windows with double-pane glass, presumably pretty good windows for the 1990s.RELATED ARTICLESSolar Panels Are Now a ‘No-Brainer’Rooftop Solar Makes Houses Worth MoreAn Introduction to Photovoltaic SystemsSolar Thermal Is Really, Really DeadNet-Zero Families, Not Net-Zero Homes The main heating for the home is forced air from a gas furnace supplemented in the lower level by a gas fireplace insert. The water is heated by a gas-fired water heater. Cooling is central air with an outdoor condensing unit. The clothes washer and dryer are both electric. There are two refrigerators and an electric stove. We have two desktop and two laptop computers, a modern flat-screen TV, and the house has a mixture of incandescent, LED, and compact fluorescent lights. The house and water heating are the easiest to understand and calculate as we can just look at our gas bill. We use the most gas, of course, in the dead of winter, approximately 180 therms in January, and the least in July—approximately 23 therms. From November 2016 to October 2017 we used a total of 801 therms of natural gas. Gas use in the middle of the summer would be entirely consumed by the water heater, so we can calculate our entire house heating load as 801–(23 x 12). So 276 therms to heat water and 525 therms to heat the house. One therm is approximately 100,000 Btu, so 27.6 million Btu to heat water and 52.5 million Btu to heat the house. The amount of energy to heat the water (276 therms) was almost exactly what is printed on the energy saver guide on the side of the water heater, 268 therms typical yearly usage. Our electricity use varies from about 1000 kWh to 600 kWh per month and we are uncertain about why we have such a large variability. It could be that after March there was typically no one home during the day to use electricity. Also our desktop computers finally started to enter hibernation mode when not in use much more reliably so they were not spinning during the daytime or at night. We use very little air conditioning during the summer, generally just a few hours a week during the worst of the heat, mostly to remove the humidity, and as such there is not a large jump in our use during the summer. From December of 2016 to November of 2017 we used about 9000 kWh of electricity for an average of 750 kWh per month. This will have to be reduced when we get in our new net-zero house as we expect to generate 12,100 kWh of electricity from our solar panels and will be generating domestic hot water and space heating with electricity. Things that may help reduce our usage will be all new high efficiency electric appliances, one less fridge, all LED lighting, large shade-free windows, and the smaller footprint of the house. Since we will be monitoring our electric usage and trying to get to net zero we should be more vigilant with turning things off when not in use. How efficient is the heating/insulation of our rental house? Based on Btu used per square foot per heating degree day (2017 HDD was 7343) the calculation is 52,500,000 Btu/2100 sq.ft./7343 = 3.43. That puts the house in the low end of energy use, a group that includes 12% of homes in this 1997 survey. If you include hot water it would be 801,000,000 Btu/2100 sq. ft./7343 = 5.19. I include the hot water so I can compare this statistic to the value calculated for our previous house in New York State. It was a 1930s house with little to no insulation in the walls, single pane windows and an oil boiler. Domestic hot water came from the boiler, so water heat can’t be separated from space heating in this calculation. We used approximately 950 gallons of #2 fuel oil per year (1 gallon = 138,500 BTU). Ossining, N.Y., on average has 5500 HDD so the calculation is 950 gallons x 138,500 Btu per gallon/1450 sq. ft./5500 HDD = 16.4. If you include the unfinished basement, which was passively heated through waste heat and passage of heat through uninsulated floor, then the square footage would increase 33% to 2175, and the Btu/sq. ft./HDD would drop to 11.0. Not as bad as I thought, but more than 50% of households had lower numbers in that 1997 survey. The current PHIUS passive house standards for home heating is 7300 Btu/sq. ft./year for Climate Zone 6 (Rochester). So that would be a Btu/sq. ft./HDD for Rochester of 1. Can our net-zero house approach a heating efficiency rating of 1? I think it may be difficult unless we hit some super tight air exchange rates (<0.5 ach50) and get lots of passive gains (solar gains, people and pets, appliances). Planning for solar in the new house We positioned one of the long faces of our house approximately due south so that we could capture more sun on the solar panels that we plan on installing on the roof (also for passive solar gain, but that’s another post). It’s a right-sized house, so it is not going to have an expansive roof, but it is a simple roof (no dormers, etc.) where most of the south-facing roof will be available for solar panels. The amount of energy we can get from the whole array will of course depend on how many panels we can fit on the roof, the potential wattage of each solar panel and the amount of sun we expect to get in southeastern Minnesota. The roof is 56.7 feet long, including the 2-foot rake overhangs on the east and west sides. The roof has an 8/12 pitch. The width of the house is approximately 18 feet and there are 3-foot eves on the north and south sides. Doing the math, this means the width of the roof is 15 feet. So we have approximately 850 square feet of roof on which to mount solar panels. Then there are three constricting factors for the number of panels which can be mounted. The dimensions of the solar panels. Solar Connection, our solar panel supplier and installer strongly suggested Solarworld Sunmodule XL as a good balance of quality and low cost. These panels are a little bigger (78.5 inches x 39.4 inches) than most other standard solar panels, which are 65 inches by 39 inches. We want to mount panels in portrait mode which therefore limits the number of rows of panels. The extra height of the Solarworld panels helps in using more of the roof surface. With either the Solarworld panel or standard solar panels we could only fit two rows on the roof. Building restrictions which require two access paths from the eve to the ridge for firefighter access. Two 3-foot paths are required. Placing the panels side by side in two rows of 15 panels for a total of 30 panels with firefighter access on the east and north ends (as shown in drawing above). How much energy will the panels produce? The amount of energy we can expect from these panels depends on their rated capacity (potential output) and the amount of sunshine we get in southeastern Minnesota. Typical output ranges from 200 to 350 watts, which is a function of how efficiently the modules convert solar energy into electricity, and the dimensions of the panel. Since we are somewhat restricted in the amount of space, we are choosing a panel with a higher wattage per panel so we can maximize output. Other homeowners may choose a panel with less wattage if they have more space and/or lower energy requirements as they are less expensive than the high wattage panels. The bid for our solar panels uses Solarworlds Sunmodule XL at 350 watts per panel. To calculate the size of our array we multiply the wattage of the solar panels by the number of solar panels (350 watts x 30 panels) resulting in a 10.5 kW array. How much electricity can we expect from a 10.5 kW array? There are a number of web based calculators to do such a calculation. Here we will just plug in the numbers and use data from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. A 10.5 kW array is the starting point. Day length and orientation in the sky matters, so one has to look at a solar map to determine how much solar energy a particular location receives. Rochester, Minnesota, on a yearly average receives 4 to 4.5 kWh/m2/day so to calculate the output we multiple our array size (10.5 kW) by the amount of solar energy Rochester receives (we will be conservative and say 4 kWh/m2/day) and then multiply that by the number of days (365). So our solar power array has the potential to produce 15,120 kWh per year (10.5 x 4 x 365). However, there are typically various losses due to temperature, wiring, and inverter efficiency which means you only can harvest about 80% of the panel output—so now it’s down to 12,096 kWh. [Note: Another way of estimating the electrical output of a solar array is by using the PVWatts Calculator developed by NREL.] Bottom line, we can fit thirty panels and if those panels are 350 watt panels they will hopefully produce approximately 12,100 kWh of electricity. Now we just have to see if this will be enough electricity to meet all of our energy needs. UPDATE: Our solar contractor indicated that firefighter access strips can be as small as 1 foot wide so technically we could add an additional column of panels to up the total to 32. In addition we would probably want to center the array vertically on the roof as Minnesota regulation specifies the solar panels can not exceed the height of the ridge line. Other posts about the Minnesota Homestead: Why We Built an Energy-Efficient Home