By Dialogo September 07, 2012 Interview with Army General, Daniel E. Castellá, Uruguayan Chief of Defense Army General, Daniel E. Castellá, Uruguayan Chief of Defense, took a break from his participation at the South American Defense Conference (SOUTHDEC 2012), in Bogotá, Colombia, from July 24-26, to grant Diálogo an exclusive interview. Gen. Castellá reflected on the role that the military has in unconventional and sometimes controversial, yet essential tasks for the country; as well as the need to carry out military operations in coordination with the hemispheric ministries of Defense. Diálogo: General Castellá, your presentation was on the modernization of the Armed Forces in Uruguay. Could you talk to us about this issue? General Daniel E. Castellá: The state’s need for professionalization, modernization and improvement in the efficiency of the Armed Forces, like any modernization process, necessarily involves an investment. This raises the need for balance in between the need for change, the budgetary possibilities (that are characterized by a process of planning the five-year expenditure), the political priorities and objectives that the National Defense Policy sets, in the assumption of the risks of political deficiencies that are not achieved. Modernizing and improving the efficiency of our Armed Forces, partly involves the modification of the structure of expenditure, readjusting the percentage of the budget destined for investments and operating costs destined for the operational aspects, and therefore, leading to a balanced distribution between them. The five-year budget allocation is fundamental for our modernization process to flourish. Currently, the budget of the Armed Forces is unbalanced. Of the 77 percent of the gross domestic product that the State intended for military defense, only 5 percent goes to investment, and a large percentage of it is assigned to supplies for administrators and not for operational purposes. Additionally, there is a trend to increase the proportion of operating costs (salaries and supplies) to the detriment of investment. Diálogo: In Uruguay, do the Armed Forces support the police as occurs in other countries in the region? Gen. Castellá: The Armed Forces make up the organized branch, equipped, educated and trained to execute the military acts that the National Defense imposes. Its fundamental mission is to defend the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, safeguarding the country’s strategic resources and contributing to the preservation of the republic’s peace. In times of peace, without failing to fulfill its core mission and under the express authorization of the Minister of Defense, the Armed Forces may provide services or collaboration in socially relevant or publicly convenient activities, which are framed precisely for public safety. Therefore, the fundamental mission of the Armed Forces should be the main criterion in organizing their forces’ design and use, while all secondary missions must not interrupt the required capabilities for the fulfillment of the primary mission. In accordance with Article 20 of the Constitutional Law of National Defense, , the Armed Forces could eventually participate in supporting the public security forces in tasks related to the preservation of order and peace in internal affairs, when called upon by the Armed Forces high command in the event of a serious internal crisis that has exceeds the capacity of state agencies and institutions, as defined by the Constitution. Diálogo: And when it comes to a natural disaster, relief to a neighboring country, is it also something that has to be authorized by the president? Gen. Castellá: The involvement of Military defense in extraordinary situations includes support during civil defense activities (conflict situations) and civil protection (catastrophic situations or natural disasters), with the goal of mitigating the negative effects and achieving prompt restoration of normal conditions of the lives of citizens. The participation of the Armed Forces during defense activities and civil protection is conducted by the National Emergency System (SINAE). Coordination and response is executed by management at the highest level, through the General Defense Staff’s advice to the Defense Minister to determine the scope and capabilities available for crisis and emergency response, both nationally and internationally. Diálogo: General Castellá, Brazil and Argentina have ceased to be drug transit countries, and have become consumers. Is this also occurring in Uruguay? Have you seen an increase in the violence as a result of drug trafficking? Gen. Castellá: Research from the Interior Ministry indicates there is an increase in violence from the consumption of drugs. It should be clear that these are issues that currently are not directly related with the mission assigned to the Armed Forces. Diálogo: What is importance of the bilateral or multilateral military agreements in combating this and other threats? Gen. Castellá: The general concept is to continue with the bilateral, regional and hemispheric meetings. We’re part of the regional Union of South American Nations; a defense system is also identified in Central America and the Caribbean, and there is another system certified by the United States, Canada and Mexico. We need to look for a way to coordinate these systems, perhaps through the hemisphere’s Defense Ministers. For this, these meetings must continue. The Defense Ministers of the Americas meeting would be the cusp, and from which all possible coordination would be conducted to guide the process of hemispheric security. So I think that it would be difficult to have a hemispheric defense system that does not take into account all the above mentioned systems. Picture 091012-General Daniel E Castellá
Comments Tattooed on Austin Fusco’s right calf is a block “Y,” filled with the American flag.The ink — which Fusco, his older brother, father and younger sister all share — is inspired by the high school All-American status the four reached at Yorktown (New York) High School.Fusco’s tattoo represents a hometown and a heritage. Yorktown’s lacrosse tradition stretches far beyond the Fusco clan, manifesting in the daily lives of Yorktown residents.“The places that are leaving marks on me,” Fusco said, “I’m putting them on my body.”AdvertisementThis is placeholder textYorktown shaped Fusco’s life. He was born there, but the Fuscos moved to nearby Garrison when he was an infant. Fusco’s father, Frank, Yorktown class of 1980, lulled him and older brother Frank Jr., or “Frankie,” to sleep with stories of his exploits on the lacrosse field at Yorktown.Frank, who excelled at what he calls “Neanderthal” lacrosse, was a part of the generation that marked the beginning of Yorktown’s four decades of dominance in the region. He played a pivotal role in making Yorktown what it is.So with his return to Yorktown in 2010 came another notch of expectations for his children. It didn’t stem from what Frank was doing then, but what he did 30 years earlier. In Yorktown, it’s about the history.“I’m the way I am, all the guys from our town are really the way — you could basically say a lot of them are of the same mold,” Fusco told ESPN’s Paul Carcaterra in 2016.,Fusco, who wore Frank’s No. 13, was expected to live up not only to the mantle of Yorktown but his own family. From the pressure emerged a ferocious player, loyal teammate and an emotional leader. Just like his father, brother and sister, Yorktown made Fusco.He’s now a redshirt senior for No. 10 Syracuse, a two-time captain and wears No. 11, symbolically worn by a defender who exemplifies the leadership and dedication Fusco does. The number comes with expectations of its own, like those that have been constant in Fusco’s life.“I really just try and stay humble with the whole thing and just not take in pressures that let it kind of crumble,” he said.“Because it can.”• • •Ask about Yorktown lacrosse and you’re certain to hear about Charlie Murphy.A former Princeton lacrosse player, Murphy, or “Mr. Murph,” moved to Yorktown in 1963, funding a lacrosse program that played its first season in 1966.Murphy opened his home to the town, letting kids play lacrosse in the apple orchard he owned. A net fashioned from iron pipes and fittings sat near the plywood-covered back of Mr. Murph’s two-car garage for kids to play wall ball on. Quickly, the lacrosse haven became the center of the community.The culture fostered there gives Yorktown a distinct advantage. In 53 years of existence, the Cornhuskers have won seven state championships, 40 sectional titles and fed college rosters around the country.Murphy died in 2003 at the age of 93. Fusco and Frankie met him, though neither remembers much of the man. The house serves as a reminder of glories past. Plaques meant for the high school — state championships, All-Americans — line the walls at Mr. Murph’s house. Fusco still wears a piece of athletic tape with the initials “CM” on the facemask of his helmet.“To Yorktown lacrosse, that’s like our church,” Frankie said. “There are guys that are just feeling weird some days or going through a tough time, they’ll come back to town, and they’ll go to Murph’s house and just hang out for a little bit and sit in the yard by themselves. And it brings them closure to sit there. It’s like a safe home for a lot of people.”The Fusco’s moved back to Yorktown for the kids to go to high school there, Frank said. In the spring of 2010, Frankie enrolled at Yorktown for the second half of his sophomore year. Fusco began as a freshman that fall.Now, Fusco downplays the pressure or expectations on Frankie, himself and their younger sister, Rilea, in high school. He rightly points out that the pressure didn’t come from parents.But everyone knew Frank’s kids were coming to play lacrosse at Yorktown.“Do I feel that Austin felt a lot of pressure and had a lot of pressure?” Frank asked rhetorically. “Yeah.”,The game of mini lacrosse ended abruptly, as the two Fusco brothers tussled on their teammate’s back lawn.At Joey Raniolo’s house for a team dinner in 2012, the game broke out as usual. Intensity built up until Frankie ripped a shot directly at Fusco. The brothers rolled around on the back lawn. Inside, someone announced “Frankie and Austin are at it!” Pauline, the boys’ mother, stormed outside and quick as it started, the scrap ceased.“There are plenty of times that I’ve seen the Fusco’s fight,” former SU attack and Yorktown alum Nick Mariano said. “They love each other, that’s what makes it so fun. But it’s the brotherly love. Growing up, you’re always going to butt heads, especially for those types of families where they’re so close, they’re always with each other.”Fusco refers to the times he loses control or is feeling flustered or rattled as getting “jammed.” He’s gotten jammed plenty in his life. Fusco and Frank share the same temperament: intensely loyal, kind hearted and a long fuse.“They simmer,” Pauline said. “They’ll take a lot before it gets to the point, but once the cap has come off, it’s blind anger. It’s scary.”Rob Doerr, the Cornhuskers’ defensive coordinator, spent years trying to “tap into” Fusco’s emotions. They shared emotional defense-only meetings with the team. Sometimes the group cried, sometimes they raged.Pauline remembered asking her son why he chose to play defense. “Because I like the feeling that I can dominate (the opponent) in my own way and get my job done,” he told her. “I don’t need the glory. It’s satisfying when you’re on your man and you get your job done.”“That’s when I said to Rob Doerr,” Pauline said, “’What did you do to this kid?’”,By his junior year, Fusco mastered his emotions, in tune with himself and his team. Doerr showed Fusco to use his fervor to connect with teammates and unleash himself on the field.When the Fusco’s German Shepherd, Polly, died in the spring of Fusco’s junior year, Fusco wouldn’t enter the house, knowing she wasn’t there, Pauline said. The grief took a toll on his play. He knew it, so he gathered his teammates in the locker room.He apologized for not playing up to par and asked his teammates to understand, to help him through the loss. He cried. Teammates cried. The way Fusco connected is something Doerr’s never seen before.“I wasn’t saying that at 17,” he said. “Admitting fault, admitting this, help me get through this, I’ll help you. It was — it’s an amazing thing to see.”• • •Everyone remembers how fast Fusco ran that day at Hofstra University. Straight up the middle of the field, stick jutting straight out, defenders hacking at his arms.Everyone will tell you how his legs blurred as he churned upfield. And that the prior game, on a near identical play, Fusco passed to Connor Vercruysse for a goal. And about the goosebumps they get thinking about the fact he didn’t.Seemingly the whole town of Yorktown came to see the 2014 Class B state championship game against Jamesville-DeWitt.Pauline watched Fusco immediately get off the bus and hug Frank. Frankie tapped the keg and raised a block “Y” flag for the alumni tailgate by 9 a.m. Rilea sat down in the student section amid the celebration after Fusco’s goal, overwhelmed. Fusco tackled Doerr immediately after the game. Everyone shares some small piece of the day that team and that play became immortal. It is Yorktown canon, like the name Fusco.Doerr calls Fusco a “foxhole guy.” He led one historic lacrosse program to a championship and, now at SU, is trying to lead another one to the promised land. The pressure that could’ve made him crumble pushed him to become all he is today. Looking back, it was inevitable.“It kind of feels like it now,” Fusco said. “That’s where I was meant to be.” Main photo by TJ Shaw | Staff Photographer Published on February 8, 2019 at 10:07 am Contact Andrew: firstname.lastname@example.org | @A_E_Graham,Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.
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