Dear Editor,I feel compelled to offer my comments to a long but well-scribed statement emanating from A New and United Guyana (ANUG).In this epistle, ANUG accurately chronicles the President’s, the Government’s and GECOM’s contumacious violations of the Constitution, their disrespect for the norms and practices of democracy, their abrogation of the rule of law, their contemptuous disregard for rulings from the Judiciary and, the President’s characterisation as “hooliganism”, the citizenry’s exercise of their fundamental rights and freedom to protest against these atrocities. I am in complete agreement with this descriptive concatenation.In introducing each of the incidences in this chronology of authoritarianism, the author asks, rhetorically, “what do you do?” In the end, the author offers his solution: “substantive changes to the Constitution.” With this contention, I differ sharply.While I hold resolutely to the view that constitutional reform is always required to meet the dynamism and exigencies of an evolving society, it is not the panacea that so many in this country perceive it to be. I am fortified in this view by the fact that the greatest and largest democracies in the world – India, the United States of America and Canada – have rarely altered their respective Constitutions since independence, though they would have been confronted with enormous governmental, democratic and constitutional challenges over the decades. The United Kingdom presents us with over 200 years of democratic Government without a written Constitution!A brief overview of the Commonwealth will confirm that Guyana’s Constitution has undergone more reforms than perhaps any other. And I dare say, stands out, comparatively, as one of the more democratic in its devolution of political power to non-Executive organs.So, my friends, the solution is not and cannot be, merely, constitutional reform. What we are confronted with in Guyana is a colossal attack on constitutionalism, the rule of law and democratic ethos – all rolled up in one. Therefore, unless there is a preparedness to comply with the Constitution, to abide by the rules of democracy and to respect the rule of law, then whatever the provisions of the Constitution are, it will continue to be trampled upon by those who do not embrace constitutionality. The Caribbean Court of Justice’s recent exhortations in its consequential orders for the constitutional actors to discharge their duties with integrity falling on deaf ears is but a stark reminder of this reality.In the circumstances, there is sufficient empirical data to impel to the conclusion that constitutional reform will not engender constitutionality. Indeed, we run the risk of becoming a nation of serial constitutional reforms attracting an unending cycle of constitutional violations.For the reasons adumbrated above, I demand unreserved and unqualified constitutional compliance, and perhaps then, we can resort to constitutional reform.Sincerely,Mohabir Anil Nandlall, MPAttorney-at-Law
Lugari survived a late scare to secure a ticket to the final after Kapswokony pulled back two goals late in the match.Lugari should have gone ahead in the opening quarter hour but they fluffed their chances after Brian Lusamukha blazed over from close range.Lugari overcame a late scare from Kapswony to win 3-2 and qualify to the final. Photo/GERALD ANDERSONHowever, the goal final came in the 23rd minute when Denis Atsenga weaved through the Kapswokony defence to slam home past keeper Kibet Haron from close range for the opener.The goal inspired them to surge forward and they got the second in the same fashion through substitute Noel Kipleting in the 41st minute to make sure the scoreline read 2-0.Lugari had to thank their custodian Kevin Mumia who produced back-to-back saves, denying Oliver Kiruto to see his side keep a clean sheet and lead by two goals at half time.Kapswokony were the better team in the final half with Kelvin Tendet pulling one back in the 66th minute before Collins Kiteywo scored the second three minutes to stoppage time.-Mukumu reign supreme-Mukumu Boys player thanking Gor before the match. Photo/GERALD ANDERSONIn the opening semi-final, Mukumu Boys did not disappoint as Brian Chala produced a man of the match performance, notching a brace before Michael Odhiambo completed the rout.Chala who gave the Emanani defence hard times found the opener in the 17th minute when he headed the ball over an on rushing keeper, Samuel Musotsi to enable Mukumu Boys hold a 1-0 lead at half time.Mukumu Boys will face Lugari Blue Saints in the final of the Western Region Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom. Photo,/GERALD ANDERSONThe second goal for Mukumu Boys came in the in the 65th minute through Chala who unleashed a fine shot from a tight angle for his second goal.Emanani soaked in the pressure, forcing their defence to concede a penalty two minutes later which Michael Odhiambo stepped up to convert for a 3-0 victory.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Mukumu from Kakamega County eliminated Emanani from Bungoma 3-0 while Lugari also from Kakamega beat home team Kapswokony 3-2 to see the two teams set a date for the anticipated final. Photo/GERALD ANDERSONBUNGOMA, Kenya, Feb 3 – Mukumu Boys and Lugari Blue Saints set-up a mouth watering clash in the Boys Chapa Dimba Na Safaricom Western Region final to be hosted at the Kanduyi Stadium in Bungoma County on Sunday.Mukumu from Kakamega County eliminated Emanani from Bungoma 3-0 while Lugari also from Kakamega, beat home team Kapswokony 3-2 to see the two teams set a date for the anticipated final.
The diamond was found at the Lets’eng Diamond Mine, situated high in Lesotho’s mountains. The Lesotho Promise, a 603-carat stone, was uncovered last year at the same mine and sold for $12.3 million. A 215-carat flawless diamond found in January 2007 brought $8.3 million. “This recovery adds more to the chapter of excellence for this mine internationally,” said a visibly elated Moleleki. The Lets’eng Diamond Mine is 30 percent owned by the government of Lesotho and 70 percent by a private company, Gem Diamonds. The largest diamond ever found, the Cullinan, was the size of a bowling ball at 3,106 carats in the rough. That finished stone is set in Britain’s Imperial Sceptre as part of the Crown Jewels. By Thabo Thakalekoala THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MASERU, Lesotho – A 494-carat diamond, believed to be the 18th largest in the world, has been found at a mine in Lesotho, a government official said Thursday. The stone was an exceptional quality white diamond, said Natural Resources Minister Monyane Moleleki. It has been sent to Antwerp, Belgium, for auction. Lesotho is a mountainous country in southern Africa ravaged by high unemployment, poverty and AIDS.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
An Arranmore islander claimed in court that he never received a fixed penalty notice as the letter had gone to his cousin of the same name.Charles Ward, of Leagbarrow Upper appeared at Letterkenny District Court charged with having no NCT on his vehicle. He told the court that he lives in Drumkeen with his wife and children during the school year but lives on Arranmore in the summer months.He was stopped by Gardai at Pearse Road in Letterkenny where it was found that he was not wearing a seatbelt and his NCT on his Audi car had expired.Mr Ward said the first time he had been told of the fixed penalty was when his cousin, known as Charlie Ward, had returned from being in America in November and opened all his mail.He said if he had personally received a summons then he would have paid it.Judge Paul Kelly ordered the accused man’s solicitor Donagh Kelly to have the other Mr Ward in court on July 19th to explain the situation.Would the other Charles Ward please come to court? was last modified: July 13th, 2018 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Arranmore IslandCharles WardcourtdonegalGardai
Dumped: Drugs needle left on developmentRESIDENTS on a development in Letterkenny are up in arms after druggies left needles dumped there.The Burnside Residents Association in the town has been active in keeping their homes safe from criminals in recent times.The group said the incident is “totally unacceptable.” But with fewer Gardaí on the streets of the town, there are fears drug users and their pushers have a ‘free reign’ in the area.“A child could have picked that up,” said one resident.“We are determined to clean up this area; there are good people living here and there’s no way we are going to let others destroy our area.” RESIDENTS’ ANGER AS DRUGGIES DUMP NEEDLES was last modified: September 23rd, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Burnside residents associationdrugsletterkennyneedles
CLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceSANTA CLARA – Mainstays safely watched from the 49ers sideline as Thursday night’s exhibition finale afforded others a final audition to either be a stud or a dud. The nominees are:THREE STUDS1. Running back Jeff Wilson Jr.: Promoted from the practice squad last season, Wilson enhanced his roster bid with a 41-yard touchdown run late in the first quarter. Wilson cut back right and received a tremendous, down-field …
Two articles in recent science literature attempt to show that complex entities, like the genetic code and the syntax of human language, are no big deal. They can emerge from precursors by chance. In PNAS recently,1 veteran researcher Harold J. Morowitz (George Mason U) and two colleagues proposed a new theory for the origin of the genetic code. Today’s code, written in DNA, is composed of triplet nucleotide “words” called codons that match the amino acid “words” in the language of proteins. Noting some regularities, namely that the first letters of each codon have a strong correlation with the precursor of the amino acid for which it codes, and the second letters determine whether the amino acid is hydrophobic (water-resisting) or hydrophilic (water-attracting), the scientists came up with an idea. Maybe the amino acid precursors (alpha-keto acids) first attached to pairs of DNA bases (dinucleotides) that were floating around in solution. From there, (take a breath): “The bases and phosphates of the dinucleotide are proposed to have enhanced the rates of synthetic reactions leading to amino acids in a small-molecule reaction network that preceded the RNA translation apparatus but created an association between amino acids and the first two bases of their codons that was retained when translation emerged later in evolution” (emphasis added in all quotes). They point out that their proposal differs substantially from earlier suggestions about the origin of the genetic code: the “stereochemical” hypothesis that chiral molecules attracted one another, the “coevolution” hypothesis that small numbers of amino-acid/nucleotide pairs grew gradually, and Francis Crick’s old suggestion that the code is a “frozen accident.” This new hypothesis basically creates a set of amino acids linked to pairs of nucleotides: like proline linked to CC, and glycine linked to CA. It presupposes that the genetic code began in doublet, rather than triplet, form. What happened next? As more amino acids were added to the repertoire, the third nucleotide was needed. The simplest four amino acids require only one reaction step, they say, but problems arise with the construction of amino acids with more complex side chains – problems left as uncertainties requiring further research. One hopeful benefit of their model is that it might produce an excess of one hand of the amino acids. A solution to the homochirality problem (see online book) might therefore be at hand: “Thus, this model provides a plausible and testable hypothesis for the dominance of L-amino acids, a problem that has challenged prebiotic chemists for decades.” All this is a suggestion about the early stages of chemical evolution, before the emergence of macromolecules (proteins and DNA strands). In conclusion, they explain:The emergence of translation was obviously associated with expansion to a triplet code and selective pressures that led to codon assignments using the third position that minimize susceptibility to adverse effects of mutation and errors in translation. Furthermore, translation requires an association of amino acids with their anticodons [i.e., the base-paired RNA “negatives” of codons on the DNA] not with their codons. There are many ways in which these next steps toward translation might have occurred, and we have not yet examined these possibilities in detail. One intriguing possibility is that amino acids might be removed from their dinucleotide catalysts by transesterification to the 2’ hydroxyl of an RNA oligonucleotide. If this oligonucleotide were to recognize the base-pairing surface of the dinucleotide with a complementary sequence, then transesterification would lead to attachment of an amino acid to an RNA containing its anticodon. This would result in an early version of a charged “tRNA.” Furthermore, the base following the doublet anticodon would be equivalent to the third position of an anticodon in a triplet code in which there was as yet no information content associated with the third position. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Another something-for-nothing paper on a different subject was proposed in Nature last week.2 Ricard Sole pondered the puzzle of the origin of syntax in language, the so-called “communicative Big Bang” unique to humans. He was intrigued by a suggestion in a Royal Society paper that “a simple word-object association matrix can provide the basis for syntax almost for free.” For instance, the words “eat” and “meat” overlap with the meaning “edible organic matter,” even though one is a verb and one is a noun. If all the linked words are arranged in a matrix, they start forming word networks that may have been the beginnings of syntax. Add to that the fact that, according to Zipf’s law, the frequency of appearance of a word is proportional to its generality, and a basis for the emergence of syntax can be envisioned: “the possibility that early ‘protolanguage’ might have been ready-made for the development of a full syntax.” They admit that this is only a “very rough way of associating symbols,” but hope that further studies might find this suggestion useful:The study also suggests that Zipf’s law could have been a precondition for syntax and symbolic communication. Once such a condition was met, the basis for the combinatorial explosion characteristic of human language was ready for selection to shape it. The new theory will be subject to debate, but the remnants of the communicative Big Bang are evidently hiding somewhere inside modern language networks.1Copley, Smith and Morowitz, “A mechanism for the association of amino acids with their codons and the origin of the genetic code,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online before print March 11, 2005, doi 10.1073/pnas.0501049102.2Ricard Sole, “Language: Syntax for free?” Nature Nature 434, 289 (17 March 2005); doi:10.1038/434289a.We can lump these two theories hypotheses suggestions into the category of MCS proposals (mighta, coulda, shoulda). William Dembski proved rigorously in No Free Lunch that information must always come from prior information. He also exposed the tricksters who try to sneak it in the back door to fool people that you can get something for nothing. Here are two information-rich systems – the genetic code and human language – that pose daunting challenges to the Darwinists. Both suggestions presented in these papers are fatally flawed, because by sneaking information in surreptitiously, hoping we wouldn’t notice, they violate their own naturalistic requirements. Both failures strengthen the case for intelligent design. Morowitz’ proposal is so easily falsified it is surprising that someone of his reputation couldn’t see through it. Did you notice that he tried to sneak natural selection before it is allowed? (see online book). “The emergence of translation…” Hold it right there! No miracle words allowed. Emergence is not an explanation. It is a circular argument that presupposes what he needs to prove, that the genetic code, and its elaborate translation apparatus, is amenable to a naturalistic explanation. But we digress. “The emergence of translation was obviously [speak for yourself, buddy] associated with expansion to a triplet code and selective pressures that led to codon assignments…” Aha! There it is, in black and white: “selective pressures.” Foul. There are no selective pressures without presuming the very thing he needs to explain: an accurate translation and replication process that can preserve carbon-copy descendents that will maintain any gains in functional information. That disqualifies this proposal at the outset, but there are more problems with it. He only gets an excess of one hand: not good enough. It must be 100% pure (see online book). He only gets pairs of dinucleotides with simple amino acids: such entities contain no value for a code, because there is no syntax. They are as worthless as scattered Scrabble letters shuffled by chance. Despite their knowledge of chemistry, Morowitz et al. have offered nothing more than a weak, implausible, partial suggestion that presupposes the very thing they need to prove and is disqualified because, by sneaking in miracle words, it contradicts its own naturalistic presuppositions. The second article tries to explain the origin of syntax by chance, this time in the sphere of human language. Again, it is only the meagerest of suggestions, a flimsy straw tossed to slay Leviathan. The origin of language has no evolutionary explanation, only just-so stories that replace each other from time to time. The observations show 17 distinct language groups with no relation to one another, just as would be expected from a Tower of Babel incident; each is complex with grammar, syntax and vocabulary, with no precursors or analogs in the animal kingdom. The suggestion that Zipf’s law is a “precondition” of syntax assumes what they need to prove. In short, their word-association game theory is a paltry offering that fails to bridge the gap between “eat meat” and the sophisticated abstract reasoning of human beings. They missed their day in court; human evolution was already falsified on genetic grounds (see 12/30/2004 entry) and logical grounds (see 02/16/2005 entry). It was put out of business as just another free-lunch scam (02/18/2005). Therefore we must reject this latest myth as “too little, too late.” Both these stories would never pass peer review if it were not for the Darwinists’ need to bridge the canyon between chance and design, between meaninglessness and meaning. They get published in hope that they might help prop up the reigning world view. To them, progress in science is made by proposing partial answers, no matter how implausible, that might be assembled some day into a complete something-from-nothing theory of everything (see helicopter in the canyon analogy, 05/22/2002 commentary). Without the requirement of naturalistic philosophy, both logic and common experience lead the honest observer out of the dark cave into the light of day. How does one get a code? How does a communicative Big Bang happen? Not from nothing, not by “emergence,” but from prior, superior Information. Let the Darwin Party name one exception without assuming the philosophy of naturalism.(Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Accused of selling Chinese-made flooring that gives off dangerous levels of formaldehyde, Lumber Liquidators offered free test kits to any consumer who requested one so homeowners could check for themselves whether the air inside their homes was safe to breathe.But a lawsuit filed in California claims the test kits are provided by a third party paid by the retailer, do not use commonly accepted methods, and are basically faulty.“The test Lumber Liquidators is offering are inherently unreliable, designed to under-report the formaldehyde levels present in the composite flooring, and are not designed to measure formaldehyde emissions from a particular source,” reads part of the complaint filed in a federal district court in California.That’s the latest twist in a story that began unfolding in March when the television news program 60 Minutes reported laminate flooring manufactured in China and sold in Lumber Liquidators outlets in California and elsewhere contained dangerously high levels of formaldehyde. In a statement, the retailer said its flooring complies with regulations set by the California Air Resources Board (CARB), and it accused 60 Minutes of using improper test methods.“We stand by every single plank of wood and laminate we sell all around the country and will continue to deliver the best product at the best price to our growing base of valued customers,” the company said. The wrong kind of kitThe lawsuit, filed on behalf of six people who bought flooring, contends Lumber Liquidators knew that flooring manufactured in China emits unsafe levels of formaldehyde but continued to label the products falsely anyway.The test kits it offered were part of a campaign to “cover up the dangers inherent in its products with misinformation and with a disingenuous public relations campaign,” the lawsuit claims.“By offering unreliable testing, by seeking to discredit the laboratories that conducted the tests finding that its products exceeded CARB limits for formaldehyde, and by promulgating misleading information regarding the dangers and properties of formaldehyde, Lumber Liquidators’ actions will cause people to believe the floors in their homes are safe when they are not and will expose them to even greater risk than if Lumber Liquidators had honestly addressed the findings of multiple laboratories,” the complaint says.The Journal of Light Construction said in an article posted online April 10 it had contacted Tom Neltner, special advisor on regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing for more information about the test kits.The test kits, Neltner said, need a certain amount of air flow in order to deliver accurate results. The kits are of a type that can be worn in a workplace by an active worker. “But if the kit is left on a coffee table or desk in a home, you are unlikely to get that kind of air movement without a fan,” JLC reported.“The test kits are useful if used properly — meaning plenty of air movement across the face. But don’t trust them if not used properly,” he said.The Chinese-made flooring also is under investigation by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, which says it will test flooring from Lumber Liquidators to see if formaldehyde levels may warrant a recall, Reuters reported.
BJP MLA Isidore Fernandes was on July 25 elected unopposed as deputy speaker of the Goa Assembly.He was the only contender for the post as the opposition did not field any candidate.Assembly Speaker Rajesh Patnekar announced Fernandes’ election to the post, which fell vacant after Michael Lobo resigned earlier this month before his induction into Pramod Sawant-led state cabinet.Fernandes was one of the 10 MLAs who switched over from the Congress to the ruling BJP a fortnight back.
Kane Williamson more than compensated for his lack of raw power with characteristic finesse to score 89 and set up Sunrisers Hyderabad’s 15-run victory against Delhi Daredevils in the Indian Premier League on Wednesday.WATCH: How WAGS inspired their cricket star husbands in IPL 2017The champions kept him out of their first five matches of the ongoing tournament but the New Zealand captain provided a timely reminder of his worth in his first outing.He started off slowly but went on to hit six boundaries and five sixes in his 51-ball knock to prove that he may not rival the power-hitting prowess of someone like West Indian Chris Gayle but is technically adequately equipped for the short format.”I wish I could smack a few like Chris Gayle, but unfortunately not to be,” he told the tournament website (www.iplt20.com).”I think it is about adapting to the best of your abilities and playing around with your strong points.”There are some incredible players that can whack it 120 meters. I do practise hard in the nets to hit the ball long, but probably it is not in my genetic make-up to do that.”So, I try and find a different way, something similar to the knock I played tonight.”With skipper David Warner, fellow Australian Moises Henriques and the Indian duo of Shikhar Dhawan and Yuvraj Singh preferred in the top half of Hyderabad’s batting line-up, Williamson replaced Afghan off-spinner Mohammad Nabi for the home game against Delhi.”Sitting on the bench for the first few games is part and parcel, and the guys were doing a fantastic job,” the 26-year-old said.advertisement”Being on the sidelines you are always practising to be as ready as you can for your first game.”It has to do a lot with the mental shift from the other formats that we have been playing. That is the challenge, you have to be in tune with everything and be ready whenever need be.”