AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter The esports gaming business is buzzing with reaction to the end of PASPA but the roadmap may be more convoluted than some expect. Mark Balestra sorts the high hopes from the hypeTraffic at the increasingly busy intersection of esports and gambling undoubtedly peaked in May with the repeal of PASPA. The reversal is great news for anyone who is positioned to prosper from wagering on esports but, now that the “Ding Dong the Witch Is Dead” dance has wound down, it’s worth taking a practical look at what this really means for esports betting.By way of background, PASPA was the federal law that kept sports betting illegal in nearly every US state. Enacted in 1992, the bill made it illegal to engage in bookmaking activity throughout the country with the exception of four exempted states. Nevada was the only state among the exempted group to allow fully fledged sports-betting services.Judicial efforts to do away with PASPA had persisted for the better part of a decade but the Supreme Court only finally struck down the law as unconstitutional on 14 May. The move instantly allows the rest of the country to tap what the American Gaming Association projects to be a $150bn underground sports-betting market.Now every US state that wishes to regulate sports betting can to do so and a handful of states are acting. At the time of the Supreme Court decision, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Mississippi had already authorised sports betting through laws contingent upon PASPA being struck down. Legislators in at least a dozen additional states are considering similar measures.A few hurdles remain – West Virginia, for example, is hung up on a spat over who is to pay the so-called “integrity fee” due to sports leagues – but it is anticipated that regulated sports betting could be available outside of Nevada in a matter of weeks.This is huge news for esports betting, which Eilers & Krejcik Gaming predicts will be a $13bn industry by 2020. When assessing the long-term impact for esports betting, the math is simple: the more states that regulate it, the more revenue it generates. But what does it mean in the short term? Specifically, to what extent will the repeal accelerate industry growth?Unfortunately for those banking on legalised esports betting, the forthcoming proliferation will probably take longer than many expect. It’s easy to assume that esports betting will ride along in the race among states to regulate sportsbooks but consider that it has already been regulated for a couple of years in Nevada. Downtown Grand became the first Las Vegas casino to take the plunge in 2016 and remains the only property in the state to offer esports betting.The Nevada Gaming Control Board and the esports Integrity Coalition in 2017 signed a memorandum of understanding to share information and promote integrity in esports betting, yet the casino industry is still hesitant to adopt. It’s hard enough combatting collusion and match-fixing among consumers betting remotely via electronic devices; with esports, regulators and operators also have to deal with the sports themselves taking place in the digital space.This whole other layer of necessary oversight has, to date, has Nevada operators away. The players can be compromised and, despite the MOU, operators are not yet satisfied with policing mechanisms. Further, despite the MOU’s acknowledgment of esports, the parameters of that classification are not very clear.The mindset is likely to extrapolate with additional states rolling out esports betting. Nevada has always been a model for the gambling industry in other US states and, for the most part, the rest of the country will do as Nevada does. Sports betting will be approached in new jurisdictions with caution and reliance on Nevada’s lead. And should a highly publicised esports betting scandal emerge, cautious gradual acceptance could, at least temporarily, give way to adamant rejection.Notwithstanding these challenges, New Jersey might be the best bet for next in line. Tropicana Atlantic City has already hosted a number of esports tournaments. The operators of Revel Casino (now Ocean Resort Casino) in 2016 announced plans to open an esports lounge but those ambitions appeared to fall by the wayside through a transition of ownership (see our interview with Seth Schorr on p19 of iGB Affiliate 69 for more). These developments may very well foreshadow an endgame of actually offering betting on esports. But the leap from embracing esports as entertainment to actually taking action on esports contests is a long one.It’s going to happen; regulated esports betting will be widely available in the US. But the process of getting to that point could be slow and arduous. Those wanting to derive great promise from the Supreme Court ruling should probably think of it as checking off a hugely important item on the to-do list, rather than look at it as an acceleration of the march towards regulation.Mark Balestra is US special counsel, igaming law, for Vancouver-based Segev LLP. Balestra has guided clients in a variety of capacities in the gaming and gambling industry for nearly 20 years. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Esports Mark Balestra sorts the high hopes from the hype around post-PASPA esports gaming Email Address Tags: Online Gambling Esports: where the law is headed Topics: Esports Legal & compliance Sports betting 26th June 2018 | By Hannah Gannage-Stewart
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 19 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Fundraisers slow to ask for bequests The best prospects for membership organisations are those people who give over time and recency of donations is less important in indentifying bequest prospects, according to Jan. US statistics show that 8% of the ‚€295 billion donated to charity each year comes from bequests. On a practical level, Jan suggested that organisations should use all their marketing materials to promote planned giving. She also recommended sending legacy material with all donor ‘thank yous.’ About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Ireland The reluctance to discuss planned giving and particularly bequests may be due more to the attitude of fundraisers than donors, a seminar on planned giving has heard. ‘Planned Giving:Challenges and Approaches for Environmental Organisations and Museums’ was held in Belfast and attended by a range of organisations in the cultural and community sector.The seminar was organised by the European Association of Planned Giving and hosted by the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum in Cultra. Jan Jennings of Boston based Viking Consulting led the seminar and shared her experience of working both in the United States and Britain. Jan said fundraisers need to have more confidence in their cause and in her experience donors are more open to discussing sensitive issues related to planned giving and bequests than fundraisers think. Jan said ‘recognition societies’ of people who had committed to the organisation were popular in the United States. Advertisement Howard Lake | 12 September 2007 | News
Follow the news on United Kingdom June 9, 2020 RSF appoints Rebecca Vincent as Director of International Campaigns United KingdomEurope – Central Asia Organisation to go further After joining RSF in 2016 to open and run its UK bureau, Vincent will now be promoted to the new senior management role of Director of International Campaigns. She will also retain responsibility for RSF’s UK-focused work and the operations of the London office.In the new role, Vincent will lead in strategising and implementing key campaigns of international significance, which may include campaigning on emblematic cases, priority countries, thematic issues and specific events. She will seek to increase the impact of RSF’s global efforts to promote and defend freedom, independence and pluralism of journalism.“Since joining RSF, Ms Vincent has dedicated tireless energy and strength of conviction to her work with our London bureau, and has played an important role in some of our key international missions, from Malta, to Turkey, to Saudi Arabia. We are so pleased to appoint her to this new global position, where we have no doubt she will apply her leadership skills and campaigning talent to achieving better protections for journalists and press freedom around the world”, said RSF Secretary-General Christophe Deloire.Vincent is a human rights campaigner, free expression advocate, and former diplomat with 15 years of NGO and diplomatic experience. She has coordinated numerous high profile international human rights campaigns. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and serves on the External Advisory Council for the High Level Panel of Legal Experts on Media Freedom, the Advisory Network of the Media Freedom Coalition, the Magnitsky Awards Committee, and the Advisory Council of the Foreign Policy Centre. RSF is an international non-profit organisation that has been working for 35 years to promote and defend press freedom around the world. Through its Paris headquarters, 13 international bureaus and sections, and network of correspondents in 130 countries, as well as consultative status at the United Nations, UNESCO, the Council of Europe, and the International Organisation of the Francophonie, RSF has the experience and on-the-ground presence to effectively defend journalism on a global scale. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has appointed UK bureau director Rebecca Vincent as Director of International Campaigns – a new global position that will be based in London. News Receive email alerts Help by sharing this information News RSF Launches UK Bureau, Announces Eve Pollard as Chair of the Board United KingdomEurope – Central Asia RSF_en September 27, 2016 Find out more News RSF Appoints Rebecca Vincent Director of its New London Bureau December 5, 2016 Find out more
Limerick Artist ‘Willzee’ releases new Music Video – “A Dream of Peace” Email TAGSAnti Austerity AllianceCllr Cian PrendivilleJobstownlimerick Advertisement WhatsApp NewsLocal NewsAnti-water charge activists to protest in LimerickBy Alan Jacques – August 14, 2015 516 Twitter Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival Vanishing Ireland podcast documenting interviews with people over 70’s, looking for volunteers to share their stories ANTI-water charge activists are to take to the streets of Limerick this Saturday, campaigning against what they call “an attack on the right to protest”, following the news over 20 people face court in relation to a protest in Jobstown last year.A Limerick man also faces court in September, following a protest in Limerick last Novemeber, when Enda Kenny visited the Greenhills Hotel.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Anti Austerity Alliance councillor Cian Prendiville claimed this latest move is part of a nationwide “attack” on the right to protest, and an attempt to criminalise the anti-austerity movement.“Facing a crisis of non-payment, and after failing the Eurostat test, the government is clearly panicked, and attempting to lash out. If Joan Burton thinks dragging peaceful protesters before the courts will save their skin, they are sorely mistaken,” Cllr Prendiville warned. Print Linkedin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleSoccer – Limerick’s Hall happy with keeping competitionNext articleRugby – UL Bohemian Martin O’Sullivan elected IRFU President Alan Jacqueshttp://www.limerickpost.ie Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live Facebook
February 27, 2015 USS Blue Ridge Trains for Upcoming Deployment Authorities View post tag: News by topic Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Blue Ridge Trains for Upcoming Deployment View post tag: USS Blue Ridge Share this article View post tag: upcoming View post tag: americas View post tag: Trains Sailors aboard U.S 7th Fleet Flagship USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19) conducted a simulated underway known as a “fast cruise” Feb. 27, to prepare for their upcoming sea trials.The fast cruise is a series of seamanship and damage control training evolutions designed to reacclimatize Sailors into an underway mindset and gauge overall operational readiness after a lengthy period pier side.After a 6-month inactive period, the ship’s Flying Squad, first responders to any shipboard casualties, jumped back into training by running several damage control drills.The fast cruise concluded with Sailors manning their general quarters’ stations and eventually conducting an abandon ship scenario.Blue Ridge has been forward deployed to Yokosuka, Japan for 35 years. As the flagship for Commander, U.S. 7th Fleet, Vice Adm. Robert L. Thomas, Blue Ridge is vital in maintaining partnerships in the 7th Fleet area of operations.[mappress mapid=”15261″]Image: US Navy View post tag: Navy View post tag: Deployment View post tag: Naval
January 22, 2018 Back to overview,Home naval-today Canadian frigate HMCS Charlottetown wraps up six months of NATO operations View post tag: HMCS Charlottetown Royal Canadian Navy frigate HMCS Charlottetown arrived at its Halifax homeport on January 19, wrapping up a six-month deployment with NATO’s Standing Maritime Group One (SNMG1).HMCS Charlottetown joined SNMG1 in August 2017, sailing in the Baltic Sea, Northern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.The two major exercises the frigate joined were the Baltic Sea drill Northern Coasts 17 and the Brilliant Mariner exercise which took place in the Mediterranean Sea.HMCS Charlottetown also supported NATO’s operation Sea Guardian from September to December 2017. During this operation, the ship contributed to supporting a safe and secure environment for civilian vessels operating in the Mediterranean Sea, with the goal of facilitating economic activities within the region.“Working alongside ships from other NATO member countries, HMCS Charlottetown has contributed to NATO’s operational capabilities in the region and has represented the very best of the Royal Canadian Navy,” said Commander Nathan Decicco, commanding officer of HMCS Charlottetown. “HMCS Charlottetown’s officers and crew have worked tirelessly to enhance NATO’s forward-deployed presence, knowing that HMCS St. John’s will continue to achieve operational success under the NATO flag.”HMCS Charlottetown was replaced by HMCS St. John’s on Operation REASSURANCE on January 18, 2018.This was HMCS Charlottetown’s second rotation on operation Reassurance; it was first deployed from June 2016 to January 2017.Operation Reassurance refers to the Canadian Armed Forces’ activities in support of NATO assurance and deterrence measures through the provision of military capabilities for training, exercises, demonstrations and assigned NATO tasks. View post tag: NATO Canadian frigate HMCS Charlottetown wraps up six months of NATO operations View post tag: Royal Canadian Navy Share this article View post tag: SNMG1 Authorities
LICENSES OR OTHER REQUIREMENTS :Some job assignments may require a valid California driver’slicense and/or possession of a license and/or certificate ofcompletion from an accredited college or agency relative to theassigned area. Continuing education, training or certification maybe required.Knowledge of:Dependent on the specific Division, Department or Program jobassignment.Ability to:Dependent on the specific Division, Department or Program jobassignment.Conditions of EmploymentUnder direct to minimum supervision of the head of the Division,Department, or Program, the non-academic, non-classified short-termsupport employee will provide services to the department to supportand assist regular employees by performing a variety of neededtemporary tasks.Non-academic, non-classified short-term employees are notpart of classified service. Non-academic, non-classified short-termemployees are at-will employees, have no entitlement rights to anyposition in the District, and are not benefits eligible. Short-termemployment shall not result in the displacement of Classifiedpersonnel.Non-academic, non-classified short-term employees perform servicesand tasks, which once completed, will not be extended or needed ona continuing basis. Short-term non-classified employees performservices that are not re-occurring and are not a permanentcomponent of the District’s operations. Short-term employees may beemployed to perform work at a one-time event that occurs on anirregular basis.Short-term non classified employees may not exceed 160 workingdays within a fiscal year (July 1 – June 30) and may not exceed 19working hours per week and may only occupy one primary assignmentwithin the District.* Retired CalPERS Annuitants: may not exceed 960 hours in afiscal year (July 1 through June 30)*Employment is contingent upon verification of employment history,background verification as governed under Education Coderequirements, eligibility to work in the United States, andapproval by the CCCD Board of Trustees. Short term/temporaryassignments do not offer fringe benefits or pay for holidays ortime not worked but are entitled to sick leave per Labor Code2810.5. However, CalPERS retired annuitants are not entitled tothis benefit. The hours of work and effective date of employmentwill be arranged with the supervisor.Regular attendance is considered an essential job function; theinability to meet attendance requirements may preclude the employeefrom retaining employment.The person holding this position is considered a mandatedreporter under the California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Actand is required to comply with the requirements set forth in CoastCommunity College District policies, procedures, and Title IX.(Reference: BP/AP 5910)The Coast Community College District celebrates all forms ofdiversity and is deeply committed to fostering an inclusiveenvironment within which students, staff, administrators, andfaculty thrive. Individual’s interested in advancing the District’sstrategic diversity goals are strongly encouraged to apply.Reasonable accommodations will be provided for qualified applicantswith disabilities who self-disclose.Application materials must be electronically submitted on-lineat http://www.cccd.edu/employment . Incomplete applications and applicationmaterials submitted by mail will not be considered.Additional InformationAPPLICATION REQUIREMENTSTo be considered for employment you must submit a completeapplication packet. A complete application packet includes:Online Employment ApplicationAnswers to all of the supplemental questions.Candidates will also be responsible for all travel expenses ifselected for an interview, the Coast Community College Districtdoes not reimburse for candidate travel expenses.Disability AccommodationsIf you require accommodations in the Application or ExaminationProcess, please notify Human Resources by calling (714)438-4714.PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORK ENVIRONMENT The physical demands are representative of those that must bemet by an employee to successfully perform the essential functionsof this job.The work environment characteristics are representative ofthose an employee encounters while performing the essentialfunctions of this job.Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individualswith disabilities to perform the essential functions.A detailed list of physical demands and work environment is onfile and will be provided upon request.The Coast Community College District is a multi-college districtthat includes Coastline Community College , Golden WestCollege , and Orange Coast College . The three colleges offerprograms in transfer, general education, occupational/technicaleducation, community services and student support services.Coastline, Golden West and Orange Coast Colleges enroll more than60,000 students each year in more than 300 degree and certificateprograms.Since it’s founding in 1947, the Coast Community College Districthas enjoyed a reputation as one of the leading community collegedistricts in the United States. Governed by a locally elected Boardof Trustees, the Coast Community College District plays animportant role in the community by responding to needs of achanging and increasingly diverse population.This direct link 2020 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report (ASFSR) is the 2020Annual Security and Fire Safety Report for Coast Colleges. Thecrime statistics for calendar years 2017, 2018, and 2019 weresubmitted to the U.S. Department of Education as required under theJeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus CrimeStatistics Act. A hardcopy can be provided from one of the CampusSafety Offices. Please contact any of the Campus Safety Offices forany questions regarding the report.Coast Community College District is an Equal OpportunityEmployerThe Coast Community College District is committed to employingqualified administrators/managers, faculty, and staff members whoare dedicated to student learning and success. The Board recognizesthat diversity in the academic environment fosters awareness,promotes mutual understanding and respect, and provides suitablerole models for all students. The Board is committed to hiring andstaff development processes that support the goals of equalopportunity and diversity, and provide equal consideration for allqualified candidates. The District does not discriminate unlawfullyin providing educational or employment opportunities to any personon the basis of race, color, sex, gender identity, genderexpression, religion, age, national origin, ancestry, sexualorientation, marital status, medical condition, physical or mentaldisability, military or veteran status, or geneticinformation.APPLICATIONS MAY BE FILED ONLINE AT:http://www.cccd.edu1370 Adams AvenueCosta Mesa, CA [email protected] DefinitionUnder direct to minimum supervision of the head of the Division,Department, or Program, the non-academic, non-classified short-termsupport employee will provide services to the department to supportand assist regular employees by performing a variety of neededtemporary tasks.Non-academic, non-classified short-term employees are notpart of classified service. Non-academic, non-classified short-termemployees are at-will employees, have no entitlement rights to anyposition in the District, and are not benefits eligible. Short-termemployment shall not result in the displacement of Classifiedpersonnel.Non-academic, non-classified short-term employees perform servicesand tasks, which once completed, will not be extended or needed ona continuing basis. Short-term non-classified employees performservices that are not re-occurring and are not a permanentcomponent of the District’s operations. Short-term employees may beemployed to perform work at a one-time event that occurs on anirregular basis.Short-term non classified employees may not exceed 160 workingdays within a fiscal year (July 1 – June 30) and may not exceed 19working hours per week and may only occupy one primary assignmentwithin the District.* Retired CalPERS Annuitants: may not exceed 960 hours in afiscal year (July 1 through June 30)*REPRESENTATIVE DUTIES:On a temporary basis, provides services in support of studentservice programs, division and departments. Performs additionalrelated duties as assigned.Qualifications and Physical DemandsMINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS:Education and Experience:Dependent on the specific Division, Department or Program jobassignment.Or, any combination of education an experience that wouldprovide the required equivalent qualifications.
Global chemicals manufacturer Merck has introduced a new glitter food colourant to its popular pearl effects range.Candurin Red Sparkle is a non-artificial, mineral-based colourant that can transform baked goods, pastries, chocolate and toppings into glamorous treats. Food manufacturers using the burgundy red colourant can safely label their own products as containing ’no artificial colours’.It is produced in compliance with Good Manufacturing Practice, according to the company, and benefits from both a light and thermal stability.Candurin Red Sparkle is available in pack sizes of 1kg and 15kg through UK speciality chemicals distributor Azelis.
Read Full Story Rachel Sklar, founder of Change The Ratio and TheLi.st, spoke to the Shorenstein Center about gender disparity in the tech business, and how the ratio of men to women could be shifted toward more equality. The event was co-sponsored by the Women and Public Policy Program.Sklar, who is a media writer and social media entrepreneur, acknowledged that there is an increasing number of women in leadership positions, and while this is good news, “as soon as the ratio gets a little better,” people tend to think nothing more needs to be done. Sklar argued that while progress is being made, the fight for a balanced ratio is still ongoing.Audio
Students will pledge to give up their shut-eye this Friday to learn about the crisis in Syria, to raise money to help Catholic Relief Services (CRS) bring aid to those in and around Syria and to stand in solidarity with those who are suffering, junior Sharia Smith said.Sleepless for Syria, an event organized by the Solidarity with Syria Coalition, will take place from 7 p.m. Friday to 7 a.m. Saturday. The Solidarity with Syria Coalition is a committee comprised of representatives from various student organizations and individual members.“I think what’s so cool about what we’re working on right now is that this was something started by Matt, myself and other students just at the beginning of the year when we really realized that this was an issue that was striking a chord with us and that we were concerned with,” Smith said.Smith said the Solidarity with Syria Coalition provides its members with an opportunity to have conversations about the pressing issues affecting Syria and enables them to act through the planning committee.Junior Matthew Caponigro said since the unrest began in 2011, the Syrian civil war has killed over 140,000 people, stranded over 4.5 million Syrians without homes inside the country and forced over 2.5 million refugees to flee to countries surrounding Syria. Factions from both the government and opposition forces have been accused of war crimes, consequently affecting Syria’s innocent civilians caught in crossfire, he said.An inter-faith prayer will kick off the night, Caponigro said. He said Fr. Daniel Groody, associate professor of theology and director of the Center for Latino Spirituality, and Imam Rashied Omar, research scholar of Islamic studies and peace building at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, will offer prayers to commence the vigil.Caponigro said Groody also will speak about some of his experiences on the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops delegation that observed the situation of Syrian refugees in fall 2012.Caponigro said a living rosary will take place at midnight, during which participants will hold candles to represent each bead and place the lit candles on the ground at the front of the group to represent the group’s continued prayers as the participants enter an hour of silence.Throughout the night, hourly reflections will feature guest speakers and their stories, as well as readings from the Bible and the Quran that pertain to traveling populations and displaced citizens, Caponigro said.Manuel Rocha, a senior involved with GlobeMed, will talk about of some of the health issues in refugee camps that plague Syrian refugees in particular, Caponigro said.Caponigro said Jennifer Betz, the Midwest coordinator for CRS, will present on the organization and its work with refugees in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, including the education programs they offer displaced children and the medical services they provide.The event will also feature musical performances from various artists such as Ameer Armaly, a graduate student who will play the traditional Levantine oud, which is a precursor to the guitar, Caponigro said. He said Notre Dame alumnus and local singer-songwriter Peter J. Hochstedler will also be performing during Sleepless for Syria.The Center for Social Concerns, Center for Civil and Human Rights, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, Campus Ministry, World Hunger Coalition, Peace Fellowship ND, Human Rights ND, Red Cross Club of ND, GlobeMed, CRS Student Ambassadors, St. Edward’s Hall, Duncan Hall, Pasquerilla West Hall, Keough Hall and Sorin College are co-sponsoring the event.Elia’s Mediterranean Cuisine will provide food for the benefit dinner, which will include midardara, hummus, falafel and baba ghanoush, Smith said. Studebagels will also provide breakfast the next morning, she added.Smith said Sleepless for Syria not only brings the Notre Dame community together but also Holy Cross College, Saint Mary’s College and the entire South Bend community to stand in solidarity with Syrians.Caponigro said people can donate either at the event or online through Notre Dame’s online student shop. He said the goal of Sleepless for Syria is to raise at least $1,500.The planning committee was able to cover all the operating costs due to the support of the many co-sponsors and local businesses, so every penny earned will go towards the CRS, Caponigro said. Smith said the event had a large potential for fundraising and for drawing attention to the crisis.“Every drop in the bucket counts; when we pool it together it really makes an impact,” Smith said. “It gives me hope that my one little act can join with everyone else’s.”Tags: Center for Social Concerns, GlobeMed, Kellogg Institute, Kroc Institute, Sleepless for Syria, solidarity, Syria